Download the RCA Adaptive Manual below, a great resource for clubs and individuals involved with the sport. The manual files are in pdf format. For more information, contact us.
Or for the adaptive National Team program, see this page.
|Chapter Two:||Rowing Technique and Terminology|
|Chapter Three:||Getting Started|
|Chapter Four:||Coaching Strategies|
|Chapter Six:||Special Needs 6.1 to 6.38
|Chapter Seven:||Competitive Rowing 7.1 to 7.10|
|Plus:||Overview of Adaptive Rowing for Clubs|
||Adaptive Committee Terms of Reference
Adaptive rowing is sweep rowing or sculling for people with physical or intellectual disabilities/limitations, including, in part, hearing impairment, paraplegia, quadriplegia, Downs Syndrome, blindness, visual impairment, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy and spina bifida. This program is not new to the rowing community, as adaptive rowing has been offered at many clubs around the world for over twenty years.
Many different types of disabilities can be accommodated within the same crew, allowing for integration among disabilities and, ultimately, integration into regular programs within the club.
The basic techniques of adaptive rowing are the same as rowing for the able-bodied. Participants learn the elements of the stroke: drive, recovery, catch angle, oar handling, etc. The general learning curve is comparable to any novice rower and participants experience the same thrill at discovering our sport.
The individuals delivering the program do much of the 'adapting' of the sport through modifications of coaching techniques and program structure. Equipment modification can be addressed based upon club access to dedicated equipment and upon the needs of the individual participants. Programs generally increase the participant/volunteer ratio to provide greater opportunities for one-on-one training.
Many motivations and triggers lead to the development of an adaptive rowing program. Some clubs find that the program can develop due to a personal interest or as an extension of their members' professional backgrounds. Others develop the program in response to requests from the community. No matter what the initial reasons are for starting the program, it will quickly become clear that this program can positively add to many aspects of your club.
Some potential benefits to your club include:
When faced with the reality of a disability, many individuals experience depression, a loss of confidence, and a belief that their lives are limited. Sports and recreation offer the opportunity to achieve success in a very short time period; to use this success to build self-confidence and focus on possibilities instead of dwelling on what can no longer be done.
The sport of rowing provides opportunities for disabled participants to experience a non-contact, low-impact, team environment. As with any new rower the sport is a great way to increase overall fitness level.
Adaptive athletes are interested in rowing for the same reasons as able-bodied athletes. Some are interested in competitive opportunities and others are looking for general fitness and recreation.
Within the last few years, a number of rowing clubs in Canada have opened their doors to adaptive rowing. However, Canada is still lagging behind the rest of the rowing world in awareness and availability of programs for individuals with disabilities.
ROWING CANADA: RCA established a National Committee on Adaptive Rowing (see its Terms of Reference - pdf ) in the spring of 2002. The goals of the Committee are to promote and encourage participation in adaptive rowing in Canada by increasing general awareness and by acting as an information resource. The committee is working on a program and training manual for adaptive rowing, and is in discussions with various Canadian rowing companies to develop any equipment modifications to support disabilities.
ROWONTARIO: RowOntario has been supportive of the Adaptive Committee and has acted to encourage local program development through their equipment program of touring shells (which can be particularly beneficial to an adaptive program) and by providing access to their network of clubs.
FISA: The International Rowing Federation (FISA) is the sole world governing body for adaptive rowing, and the sport is practiced by athletes in 24 countries. It was introduced into the Paralympic programme in 2005 and its Paralympic events were held in Beijing in 2008.
FISA introduced Adaptive rowing on a World Championship level at its 2002 World Rowing Championships in Seville, Spain, when 38 athletes competed in the single sculls and the coxed four. The sport has continued to develop since with four boat classes at the 2003 World Rowing Championships in Milan, Italy. At the 2004 World Rowing Senior and Junior Championships in Banyoles, Spain, 66 adaptive rowing athletes took part.
In 2005, 10 countries entered a total number of 42 adaptive rowers for the World Rowing Championships totalling 15 boats.
In 2006, increased participation in the four adaptive rowing events at the World Champioships resulted in much tougher competition and cutthroat racing as many of these rowers competed for the first time at the international level.
Just as each club offers slightly different versions of program offerings, adaptive rowing can vary in scope, availability and structure from one club to another.